The Fuxin Regional Archaeological Project was initiated and directed by Prof. Shelach-Lavi in cooperation with Prof. Jilin University, China. It focused on the transition from mobile hunter-gatherer societies to sedentary agriculturalist societies and the evolution of complex societies in northeast China. Our archaeological field research focused on the Fuxin area (阜新) of western Liaoning Province (fig. 1). This was an interdisciplinary collaborative project that brought together archaeologists and students from the Research Center for Chinese Frontier Archaeology at Jilin University, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Ben-Gurion University and the Liaoning Provincial Institute of Archaeology and Cultural Relics. The research was supported by grants from the Israel Science Foundation (Grant no. 501/11) and the National Geographic Society (Grant no. 8614-09).
From 2012 to 2016 we conducted systematic regional surveys that covered an area of 104 sq km. Following the survey, we test excavated at two sites located during our survey – one site dated to a pre-agricultural phase and one dated to the earliest known village society of this region (the so-called Xinglongwa culture). Among the interesting artifacts we found is a human-shaped stone figurine excavated from a house remain at the Xinglongwa site (fig. 2).
The results of our project appeared in a series of articles published in leading archaeological journals. The data we generated is fully available in an open-access format
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS:
Shelach-Lavi G., M. , Y. Goldsmith, I. Wachtel, C.J. Stevens, O. Marder, X. Wan, X. Wu, D. , R. Shavit, P. , H. Xu, D.Q. Fuller. 2019. China emerged during affluent conditions. PLoS ONE. 147): e0218751.
Shelach-Lavi, G., Teng Mingyu, Y. Goldsmith, Su Junqiang, O. Marder, Tu Dongdong and R. Shavit. 2019. 2015 Liaoningsheng Fumengxian Jiajiagouxi (Report on the 2015 test excavations at the Jiajiagouxi site, Fumeng County, Liaoning Province; 2015年辽宁省阜蒙县贾家沟西遗址试掘报告). Bianjian kaogu yanjiu (边疆考古研究). 25: 53-69
, G. Shelach-Lavi, Su Junqiang, I. Wachtel, A. Ovadia, O. Marder, Tu Dongdong and R. Shavit. 2019. 2015 Liaoningsheng Fumengxian Tachiyingzi (Report on the 2015 test excavations at the Tachiyingzi site, Fumeng County, Liaoning Province; 2015年辽宁省阜蒙县塔尺营子遗址试掘报告). Bianjian kaogu yanjiu (边疆考古研究). 25: 1-40.
Wachtel, Ido, Royi Zidon, Shimon Garti, and Gideon Shelach-Lavi. 2018. Predictive modeling for archaeological site locations: Comparing logistic regression and maximal entropy in Israel and China. Journal of Archaeological Science 92: 28-36.
Shelach-Lavi, G. , Y. Goldsmith, I. Wachtel, A. Ovadia, Xiongfei Wan, and O. Marder. 2016. Human Adaptation and Change in Northeast China: Results of the Fuxin Regional Survey. Journal of Field Archaeology 414): 467-485.
Teng Mingyu, Gideon Shelach, Wan Xiongfei, Ofer Marder and Ido Wachtel. 2014. Liaoning Fuxin (2012-2013) (Report on the Regional Archaeological Survey of the Fuxin area 2012-2013). (3): 3-10.
Shelach, G., Teng Mingyu, Wan Xiongfei , 2013. Report on the 2012 field season of the project Origins of Agriculture and Sedentary Communities in Northeast China. Asian Archaeology. 1: 10-25.